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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2008;8(2):129-138.
Published online April 30, 2008.
Piping현상 발생에 미치는 투수계수비와 침투유속의 영향에 대한 연구
허경한, 장옥성
The Influence of K-ratio and Seepage Velocity on Piping Occurrence
Kyung-Han Huh, Ock-Sung Chang
Abstract
In case of judging the stability of dike or dam structures which need hydraulic interception, the first thing to do is to examine whether a piping phenomenon occurred or not. Generally, dike or dam structures are constructed while layer compacting is executed, so permeability is likely to be anisotropic- different from each other in hydraulic conductivity in the horizontal direction [$k_x$] and hydraulic conductivity in the vertical direction[$k_y$]. This study looked into exit hydraulic gradient and Seepage velocity by conducting an Seepage analysis subsequent to various hydraulic conductivity ratios[k-ratio = ky / kx] and examined the influence on piping by comparing & examining critical Seepage Velocity based on critical hydraulic gradient in theoretical equation and critical Seepage Velocity in empirical equation. As the research result, it was found that hydraulic conductivity ratio operates as a very important factor in case the stability against piping occurrence is considered with the concept of critical hydraulic gradient, but relatively the hydraulic conductivity ratio is very low in its importance in relation to the concept of critical Seepage Velocity.
Key Words: Hydraulic Conductivity; Seepage Analysis; Critical Seepage Velocity Critical Hydraulic Gradient; Seepage Velocity; Exit Hydraulic Gradient
요지
차수성이 요구되는 제체나 댐체에 대하여 안정성을 판단하고자 할 경우 파이핑 현상발생 여부를 검토한다. 제체나 댐체는 층 다짐을 수행하면서 축조되므로 투수성은 수평방향 투수계수($k_x$)와 연직방향 투수계수($k_y$)가 서로 다른 이방성이 될 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 여러 가지 투수계수 비(k-ratio=$k_y/k_x$k)에 따른 침투해석을 수행하여 유출동수경사와 침투유속을 파악하고, 이론식에 의한 한계동수경사와 경험식에 의한 한계유속과 각각 비교.검토하여 파이핑에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다. 연구결과 투수계수 비는 한계동수경사 개념으로 파이핑 현상발생에 대한 안정성을 검토할 경우 매우 중요한 요소로 작용하나, 한계유속 개념에 대해서는 상대적으로 중요도가 매우 낮은 것으로 확인되었다.
핵심용어: 투수계수; 침투해석; 한계유속; 한계동수경사; 침투유속; 유출동수경사
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