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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2004;4(2):19-28.
Published online June 30, 2004.
저변형률하 불포화 이암풍화토의 동적거동
허경한, 정충선, 배중선
Dynamic Behavior of Unsaturated Decomposed Mudstone Soil Under Low Strain Amplitude
Kyung-Han Huh, Choong-Sun Chung, Joong-Seon Bae
The interest in the dynamic properties of soils has increased strongly because of earthquake, heavy traffic, and foundations undergo high amplitude of vibrations. Most of soils in Korean peninsula are composed of granite soils, especially the decomposed mudstone soils are widely spread in Pohang areas, Kyong-buk province. Therefore, it is very important to investigate the dynamic properties of these types of soils. The most important soil parameters under dynamic loadings are shear modulus and material dampings. Furthermore, few definitive data exist that can evaluate the behavior of unsaturated decomposed mudstone soils under dynamic loading conditions. The investigations described in this paper is designed to identify the shear modulus and damping ratio due to a surface tension for the unsaturated decomposed mudstone soils under low and high strain amplitude. For this purpose, the resonant column test and the cyclic triaxial test were performed. Test results and data have shown that the optimum saturated degree of decomposed mudstone soils under low and strain amplitude is $32{sim}37%$ which is higher than that of decomposed granite due to the amount of fine particles as well as the type and proportion of chief rock-forming minerals.
Key Words: decomposed mudstone soils; dynamic loadings; shear modulus; damping ratio; low and high strain amplitude; resonant column test; cyclic triaxial test
본 연구는 정적은 물론 동적 거동에 관한 연구가 거의 없는 포항지역의 이암풍화토에 대하여 저변형률하에서의 동적 거동 파악을 위하여 수행되었다. 동적 거동에 영향을 미치는 요소들로는 간극비, 포화도 그리고 구속압 등 3가지의 변수를 설정하였다. 그 중 간극비와 포화도를 달리하여 공시체를 제작하고 구속압을 단계적으로 증가시켜가며 저변형률하에서의 전단탄성계수와 감쇠비의 거동을 고찰하였다. 이러한 저변형률하에서의 시험을 실시하기 위해 공진주 시험장치를 사용하였으며, 시험에서 얻어진 결과값들을 이용하여 이암풍화토의 동적 거동을 분석하였다. 연구결과에 의하면 저변형률하에서 이암풍화토의 최적포화도가 $32{sim}37%$ 나타났다. 이는 주광물의 비율과 형상뿐만 아니라 세립분의 함유량 차이로 인하여 화강풍화토보다 크게 나타났다.
핵심용어: 이암풍화토; 동적하중; 전단탄성계수; 감쇠비; 공진주시험


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