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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2008;8(4):75-80.
Published online August 31, 2008.
경사에 따른 산불의 확산속도
안상현, 신영철
Spread Speed of Forest Fire based on Slope
Sang-Hyun An, Young-Chun Shin
Abstract
As Information Technology developed, Information requirement has been went higher. In the field of GIS(Geographic Information System) more information is processed more quickly and accurately. Especially, quick analysis of forest fire information (topography, ignition point, weather condition, etc.) over a wide area is essential in order to minimize victim, environmental damage, and economical damage, decide course of evacuating, estimate a fire spread course, and attack resource arrangement. We determined a fire spread distance at each unit time through an experiment with various slope degrees and distinction of flat, upslope and downslope. For the tests on the upslope, as the slope increased, the rate of spread increased. On the downslope in contrast with the upslope, as the slope increased, the rate of spread decreased. We analyzed a spread rate of forest fire on each slope as the method classified upslope(+) and downslope(-) using the results obtained from the experiment. Consequently, the proposed method is able to be used to effectively support the attack of forest fire by providing accurate predictions of fire spread.
Key Words: GIS; Forest Fire; Slope; Fire Spread Rate
요지
현재는 기술적인 발전을 토대로 정보의 요구수준이 상당부분 증대되었으며 GIS (Geographic Information System)분야 또한 더 많은 정보를 보다 신속하고 정확하게 처리 되어지고 있다. 특히 산불에 있어서는 산불발생시 공간적으로 넓은 지역을 신속히 분석하여 진화의 기초자료로 활용함으로써 환경적, 경제적, 인명적 피해를 최소화하고 대피경로, 확산경로 및 진화자원의 효율적 배치를 결정하는데 필수적이다. 이러한 산불확산에 영향을 미치는 인자 중에서 경사에 따른 산불확산속도를 규명하기 위하여 경사 및 경사방향에 따른 실험을 실시하였다. 실험결과 상향경사의 경우 경사가 증가할수록 시간이 감소하고, 하향경사에서는 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 실험결과 값을 토대로 상향경사는 (+), 하향경사는 (-)로 구분하여 경사에 따른 산불확산속도를 계산하였으며, 이러한 결과는 정확한 산불확산예측을 하는데 기여함으로써 효과적인 산불진화에 도움을 줄 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
핵심용어: 지리정보시스템; 산불; 경사; 산불확산속도
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