J Korean Soc Hazard Mitig 2018; 18(1): 145-156  https://doi.org/10.9798/KOSHAM.2018.18.1.145
A Study on the Improvement Program of Bridge Safety Management Through Public-Private Governance
Kim, Seong Jeh*, and Yoon, Myong O**
*Member, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Disaster Science, University of Seoul
**Member, Professor, Department of Disaster Science, University of Seoul
Correspondence to: Member, Professor, Department of Disaster Science, University of Seoul (Tel: +82-2-2245-3119, Fax: +82-2-2249-3140, E-mail: 5042yoon@naver.com)
Received: September 30, 2017; Revised: October 18, 2017; Accepted: November 20, 2017; Published online: January 31, 2018.
© The Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Unsafe accidents occurred such as the collapse of Seongsoo Bridge in October 1994 and the collapse of Sampoong Department Store in June 1995, in the wake of the dynamic urban infrastructure & economic growth policy in the 1960s and thereafter. Following the collapse of the Seongsu Bridge, enacting in accordance with established regulations of 『Misfortune and the safety supervision basic law』 & 『Special Act on Safety Management of Building Structures』, regular safety inspection and diagnosis of routine was enforced. However, the bridge safety accident has remained constant since then, and the bridge safety management system is still insufficient compared to the developed nations. Based on advanced cases of bridge accidents in the developed countries (United States and Japan), this research suggest the best practices of the maintenance system, and development measures are provided to improve the safety management of bridges through governance. These are as follows. Innovation of bridge management policies through Bridge Management System (BMS), strengthen management of bridge safety inspection by expanding national participation, Organization and operation of bridge safety maintenance budget, concentration management of deteriorated bridge and long span bridge etc. In future the establishment of bridges life-cycle management system (LCM) to a preventive maintenance system by means of record management comparing with life-cycle costs (LCC) should be implemented to the comprehensive overall maintenance system of mid to long-term budget formulation and execution by applying professional and active citizen participation procedures.
Keywords: Public-Private Governance, Bridge Management System, Bridges Life-cycle Management System

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