J Korean Soc Hazard Mitig 2018; 18(1): 113-123  https://doi.org/10.9798/KOSHAM.2018.18.1.113
Evaluating the Location of Tsunami Emergency Shelters for the Children and the Old
Bae, Kyungwan*, Park, Hyungjun**, Jun, Sunmin***, and Jung, Juchul****
*Member, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University
**Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University
***Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University
****Member, Professor, Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University
Correspondence to: Member, Professor, Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University (Tel: +82-51-510-3521, Fax: +82-51-513-9108, E-mail: jcjung@pusan.ac.kr)
Received: September 30, 2017; Revised: October 18, 2017; Accepted: November 20, 2017; Published online: January 31, 2018.
© The Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study is to analyze the propriety of location of emergency evacuation shelter in terms of vulnerable people. Since Korea is no longer safe from tsunami, it needs to be prepared before the disaster. Especially, in case of tsunami, rapid response (evacuation) is essential, so it is necessary to evaluate the accessibility of the emergency shelter in advance. In particular, it needs to be considered about vulnerable groups to evacuate in order to minimize loss of life. Therefore, the research was conducted based on the question “Can the vulnerable groups in the evacuation area reach the emergency shelter within 10 minutes?” For the purpose of this study, we selected the tsunami evacuation zone and the emergency evacuation shelters as the case area of Busan Metropolitan City, which has a great risk of tsunami. We employed network analysis and overlay analysis by ArcGIS. Results showed that some of the emergency evacuation shelters are located in a inappropriate sites for vulnerable groups. It was impossible to move to the emergency evacuation site within 10 minutes from the area of about 38% of the total resident evacuation district in this study. Especially, it is analyzed that the emergency shelter is insufficient in the area where the vulnerable groups are concentrated. Therefore, in order to minimize the damage to the earthquake tsunami, Busan City should make efforts to select an emergency evacuation site by considering the vulnerable classes when establishing a resident evacuation plan against the tsunami. The relationship between disaster preparedness planner and urban planner should be enhanced.
Keywords: Tsunami, Emergency Evacuation Shelters, Vulnerable People


This Article

e-submission

Archives

Indexed/Covered by